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PTEN Antibody Review Page

Entry Name PTEN HUMAN
Full Protein Name Phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphatase and dual-specificity protein phosphatase PTEN
Alternative Names Phosphatase and tensin homolog, Mutated in multiple advanced cancers 1
Gene Name PTEN
Gene Synonym MMAC1, TEP1
UniProt ID P60484
Entrez Gene ID 5728
Ref Seq ID NM_000314
Functional Description of PTEN Tumor suppressor. Acts as a dual-specificity protein phosphatase, dephosphorylating tyrosine-, serine- and threonine-phosphorylated proteins. Also acts as a lipid phosphatase, removing the phosphate in the D3 position of the inositol ring from phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate, phosphatidylinositol 3,4-diphosphate, phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate and inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate with order of substrate preference in vitro PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 > PtdIns(3,4)P2 > PtdIns3P > Ins(1,3,4,5)P4. The lipid phosphatase activity is critical for its tumor suppressor function. Antagonizes the PI3K-AKT/PKB signaling pathway by dephosphorylating phosphoinositides and thereby modulating cell cycle progression and cell survival. The unphosphorylated form cooperates with AIP1 to suppress AKT1 activation. Dephosphorylates tyrosine-phosphorylated focal adhesion kinase and inhibits cell migration and integrin-mediated cell spreading and focal adhesion formation. May be a negative regulator of insulin signaling and glucose metabolism in adipose tissue.
Subcellular Location Cytoplasm
Tissue Specificity Expressed at a relatively high level in all adult tissues, including heart, brain, placenta, lung, liver, muscle, kidney and pancreas.
Post Translation Modifications of PTEN Phosphorylated in vitro by MAST1, MAST2 and MAST3. Phosphorylation results in an inhibited activity towards PIP3. Phosphorylation can both inhibit or promote PDZ-binding.
Similarity Contains 1 C2 tensin-type domain.Contains 1 phosphatase tensin-type domain.
Mass (Da) 47166
PTEN Homologs Human [P60484]

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Keywords: PTEN, MMAC1, TEP1

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